Morning Tears provides PSS on two levels of the MHPSS pyramid: the level of “community and family support”, and the “level of focused, non-specialized services”.
Services at this level are very helpful for mild psychological distress that is natural after arrest of a parent. Morning Tears has seen that many children whose parents are in prison or have been executed are able to maintain their mental health and psychosocial well-being if they get support from their family and community. Therefore, where needed FTR is particularly important. Also the following PSS activities can make a huge difference for these children: supportive parenting programs, informal education activities and activation of social networks. These networks can include youth clubs and groups on social media. As grandparents often become the primary caregivers it is recommended to also include them as a target group on this level of activities.
The services in this level intend to assist in mild to moderate mental health disorders. It focuses on individual, family or group interventions.
Psychosocial support will be one of the main activities of Morning Tears. The implementation of PSS activities will be the minimum for a Morning Tears program to exist. The other components (CM, BIA, BID, other levels of service in the MHPSS pyramid) can be gradually build on PSS.
Psychosocial refers to the child’s inner world and the relationship with his or her environment. Psychosocial support is important in order to prevent immediate or long-term mental health disorders. · The aim of psychosocial interventions is to address children’s issues and needs in a holistic manner and to place psychosocial interventions inside a wider developmental context. As such, PSS is the minimum strategy for re-establishing ‘sense of place’ (as an answer to ‘loss of place’). It helps people to face the trauma of surviving personal losses. Survivors - children who lost their parent(s) due to imprisonment - examine the way they think and act in order to reconstruct their lives, as environmental, social, and ecological changes take place during the reconstruction phase following disasters. Psychosocial support identifies survivors as the main actors in the reestablishment of ‘sense of place’. This will create an integrated developmental approach to promoting psychosocial wellbeing.
The prioritized objectives of PSS in Morning Tears are:
- Making children visible
- Assist in light to moderate psycho-emotional distress
- Empower children
- Enhancing resilience in children
- Identify children for referral to CM/higher level in MHPSS pyramid/BIA/BID.
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